Types of Coffee

All coffee varieties can be classified into one of two broad types. These varieties are known as ‘Coffee Robusta’ and ‘Coffee Arabica’. Arabica varieties of coffee are generally considered to be more flavourful. Well-known Arabica coffees include, but are not limited to:

Colombian Milds – these varieties include coffees from Colombia, Kenya, and Tanzania, and are known as washed Arabica

Costa Rican Tarrazu Рthis variety is found in the highlands outside of San Jos̩

Ethiopian Harrar – the variety comes from the region of Harar, Ethiopia

Ethiopian Yirgacheffe – this variety comes from the Yirgachefe district in the Gedeo Zone of the Ethiopia.

Guatemala Huehuetenango – this variety is grown at over 5000 feet in the northern region, one of the most remote growing regions in Guatemala

Hawaiian Kona – this variety is grown on the slopes of Hualalai in the Kona District on the Big Island of Hawaii

Jamaican Blue Mountain – this variety come from the Blue Mountain region of Jamaica

Java – this variety comes from the island of Java, in Indonesia

Kenyan – this variety is known to have a bright, “acidic” flavour

Mocha – this variety is Yemeni coffee that was originally traded through the port of Mocha

Sumatra Mandheling and Sumatra Lintong – these varieties come from North Sumatra, Indonesia

Sulawesi Toraja Kalossi – this variety is grown at high altitudes on the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia

Tanzania Peaberry – this variety is grown on Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania

All of the aforementioned coffees are considered to be some of the best tasting and finest coffee varieties in the world today. However, you are unlikely to find many of these varieties at your local supermarket or coffee shop.

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