Learning the Guitar Chords and Scales

Knowing guitar chords doesn’t mean you know how to play the guitar. Anybody can pick up the guitar and mimic the chords other guitarists are using. If you just take the time it takes to learn the scales and some theory, you could take your guitar playing skills to a whole new level.

Chords are defined as a series of notes played at the same time. There are tons of different chords and the scales will help you determine which notes make up each chord. Different genres of music use different variations of chords, such as open chords, barred chords and power chords.

Scales follow a pattern of notes in ascending or descending order. There are two commonly used scales in music, they are the major and minor scales. The major scale is probably the most common as they set a more happy and upbeat mood, whereas the minor scale sets a more sad or downbeat mood.

The major scale pattern starts with the tonic note and steps up two full steps, a half step, three full steps and another half step. A full step is two frets and a half step is one fret. the notes that make up the chords are the first, third and fifth notes of the scale.

Just as the major scale, the minor scale also follows a pattern of notes. The notes in the minor scale start with the tonic note and steps up one full step, one half step, two full steps, one half step and two full steps. The first, third, and fifth notes of this scale make up the minor chords, just as the major scale does for it’s corresponding chords.

There are so many other scales to refer to when learning chords, you can never memorize them all. However if you know how to use the scales you can find any chord you want. You can even make your own chords. How many guitarists do you know that can do that?

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